Franco, Generalíssimo Francisco

   Spain's soldier-dictator whose Nationalists won the Spanish Civil War (1936-39) and who ruled Spain from 1939 until his death in 1975. General Franco's personal and diplomatic relations with Portugal's prime minister Antônio de Oliveira Salazar since the late 1930s were a significant element in the Estado Novo's foreign policy in World War II and the Cold War. Salazar played a key role in helping convince Franco and his ruling group during the menacing years of 1939-41 not to join the Axis powers in World War II. For his part, Franco supported Salazar's concept of an Iberian bloc of states in various diplomatic and political initiatives, beginning with the Luso-Spanish agreements signed in 1939 and 1940. During the Cold War, Franco's Spain pursued a policy that gave support to Salazar's Estado Novo.

Historical dictionary of Portugal 3rd ed.. . 2014.

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